A soldier who had a leg amputated was experiencing severe phantom pain. After treatment by the Tennant Biomodulator Physician, the soldier stated that 80-90% of his pain was reduced by the therapy.

Phantom Limb


Phantom limb pain refers to mild to extreme pain felt in the area where a limb has been amputated. Phantom limb sensations usually disappear or decrease over time; when phantom limb pain continues for more than six months, however, the prognosis for improvement is poor. Although the limb is no longer there, the nerve endings at the site of the amputation continue to send pain signals to the brain that make the brain think the limb is still there. Sometimes, the brain memory of pain is retained and is interpreted as pain, regardless of signals from injured nerves.


Symptoms of Phantom Limb Pain

In addition to pain in the phantom limb, some people experience other sensations such as tingling, cramping, heat, and cold in the portion of the limb that was removed. Any sensation that the limb could have experienced prior to the amputation may be experienced in the amputated phantom limb.

Successful treatment of phantom limb pain is difficult. Treatment is usually determined based on the person’s level of pain, and multiple treatments may be combined. Some treatments include:


  • Heat application
  • Biofeedback therapy to reduce muscle tension at amputation area and alternating non-amputation limb
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Massage of the amputation area
  • Physical therapy
  • Neurostimulation techniques such as spinal cord stimulation or deep brain stimulation

Elite Athletic Injuries


The most basic form of a soldier’s physical training is developing the ability to move, acquire and engage a target. A Soldier must have the endurance to travel by foot to the objective (in some environments this involves several hours of uphill walking with a pack at altitude); the strength to defeat, move and climb over obstacles in his/her path; the mobility to skillfully maneuver on the objective and after extreme physical exertion, the stamina to control his/her breathing well enough to accurately fire a weapon at the target.

Soldiering skills of strength, power, speed and agility required to help soldiers meet their mission. Providing emphasis on a variety of physical tasks enables commanders to observe the full physical readiness of the unit. Physical training not only includes optimal physical training, but injury prevention as well.  In most cases, when a soldier is wounded or physically hurt, it is due to a traumatic injury and often requires long term recovery. Military hospitals excel at treating traumatic injuries when they first happen, but finding the right longer-term recovery care can be difficult for injured military personnel.  Combining elite athlete recovery and the soldier traumatic combat injury is seeing great results for both the professional sports athlete and the professional military athlete.